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Arden T. Miller, Ph.D

Psychology of Education

12. Construction and Instruction

 

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Reading assignment: Chapter 8, 9, 456- 466

1. Compare the discovery and expository approaches in terms of how effective learning occurs, and the benefits and shortcomings of each.

2. Review effective strategies for reading and listening to lectures, discussing the merits of PQ4R, LISAN, underlining, note taking, and concept mapping and recognizing how they apply the principles of cognitive learning theories and memory to enhance effectiveness or reading and lectures.

3. Compare the merits of behavioral and cognitive objectives and recognize outcomes linked to the six levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy.

4. Outline the steps in an IDEAL strategy for problem solving, and consider factors that hinder or promote problem solving.

5. Define creativity, and discuss the problems with how we conceive ability and measure it as an attribute of individuals.

6. Explain the various aspects of critical thinking and discuss approaches that promote it.

7. Understand types of transfer of learning and the ways that positive transfer can be promoted.

8. Characterize constructivist approaches to learning, identifying important features of constructivist learning environments.

9. Briefly characterize how problem-based learning, reciprocal teaching, and cognitive apprenticeship promote the active construction of knowledge.

10. Outline the merits and risks associated with the use of cooperative learning, peer tutoring, and group assignments, considering strategies that maximize effectiveness.