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Arden T. Miller, Ph.D

Psychology of Education

10. Motivation in Education

 

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Reading assignment: Chapter 11 and Miller reading(linked)

1. Compare various approaches to motivation; instinct, drive reduction, behavioral, trait, and social cognitive learning approaches.

2. Distinguish between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and explain how controlling and autonomy supportive experiences promote these incentives.

3. Compare the impact of intrinsic and extrinsic incentives on continuing motivation, learning, performance, creativity, and satisfaction?

4. Distinguish achievement motivation from other forms of motivation, and demonstrate an understanding of task involved and ego involved achievement motivation; performance goals and mastery goals.

5. Outline the benefits of task involvement and a mastery orientation . Describe how these orientations affect achievement behaviors such as difficulty choices, effort, and task choices.*

6. Describe strategies that promote task involvement or learning orientations and discuss their motivational benefits.

7. What effect will low self-efficacy have on achievement behavior?

8. Identify attributions to internal/external, stable/unstable, and controllable/uncontrollable causes and discuss the consequences of these attributions for later motivation.

9. Discuss responses we expect to see after failure; perseverance, ego threat, and learned helplessness.

10. Consider how personal theories of ability and intelligence (e.g., entity or incremental) influence performance after failure (mastery oriented or helplessness oriented), and achievement behavior.

11. Outline developmental changes in understanding of ability, effort, luck, and difficulty and the influences of these changes on motivation. *